食品的英语名称大全(收藏起来以后用得着)

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水果类(fruits)



西红柿 tomato

菠萝 pineapple

西瓜watermelon

香蕉banana

柚子 shaddock (pomelo)

橙子orange

苹果apple

柠檬lemon

樱桃 cherry

桃子peach

梨 pear

枣Chinese date (去核枣 pitted date )

椰子coconut

草莓 strawberry

树莓 raspberry

蓝莓 blueberry

黑莓 blackberry

葡萄 grape

甘蔗 sugar cane

芒果 mango

木瓜 pawpaw或者papaya

杏子 apricot

油桃 nectarine

柿子persimmon

石榴pomegranate

榴莲 jackfruit

槟榔果 areca nut

(西班牙产苦橙)bitter orange

猕猴桃 kiwi fruit or Chinese gooseberry

金橘cumquat

蟠桃 flat peach

荔枝 litchi

青梅greengage

山楂果 haw

水蜜桃honey peach

香瓜,甜瓜 musk melon

李子plum

杨梅 waxberry red bayberry

桂圆 longan

沙果 crab apple

杨桃starfruit

枇杷 loquat

柑橘 tangerine

莲雾wax-apple

番石榴 guava


肉、蔬菜类(livestock家畜)


南瓜(倭瓜) pumpkin cushaw

甜玉米 Sweet corn

牛肉beef

猪肉pork

羊肉 mutton

羔羊肉lamb

鸡肉chicken

生菜 莴苣lettuce

白菜 Chinese cabbage (celery cabbage)

(甘蓝)卷心菜 cabbage

萝卜 radish

胡萝卜 carrot

韭菜leek

木耳 agarics

豌豆 pea

马铃薯(土豆) potato

黄瓜 cucumber

苦瓜 balsam pear

秋葵 okra

洋葱 onion

芹菜 celery

芹菜杆 celery sticks

地瓜 sweet potato

蘑菇 mushroom

橄榄 olive

菠菜spinach

冬瓜 (Chinese)wax gourd

莲藕 lotus root

紫菜 laver

油菜 cole rape

茄子 eggplant

香菜 caraway

枇杷loquat

青椒 green pepper

四季豆 青刀豆 garden bean

银耳 silvery fungi

腱子肉tendon

肘子 pork joint

茴香fennel(茴香油fennel oil 药用)

鲤鱼carp

咸猪肉bacon

金针蘑 needle mushroom

扁豆 lentil

槟榔 areca

牛蒡great burdock

水萝卜 summer radish

竹笋 bamboo shoot

艾蒿Chinese mugwort

绿豆mung bean 毛

豆green soy bean

瘦肉 lean meat

肥肉speck

黄花菜 day lily (day lily bud)

豆芽菜 bean sprout

丝瓜 towel gourd (注:在美国丝瓜或用来做丝瓜茎loofah洗澡的,不是食用的)


海鲜类(sea food)


虾仁 Peeled Prawns

龙虾 lobster

小龙虾 crayfish(退缩者)

蟹 crab

蟹足crab claws

小虾(虾米) shrimp

对虾、大虾 prawn

(烤)鱿鱼(toast)squid

海参 sea cucumber

扇贝 scallop

鲍鱼 sea-ear abalone

小贝肉cockles

牡蛎oyster

鱼鳞scale

海蜇jellyfish

鳖 海龟turtle

蚬 蛤 clam

鲅鱼 culter

鲳鱼 butterfish

虾籽 shrimp egg

鲢鱼 银鲤鱼chub silver carp

黄花鱼 yellow croaker



调料类(seasonings)


醋 vinegar

酱油 soy

盐 salt

加碘盐 iodized salt

糖 sugar

白糖 refined sugar

酱 soy sauce

沙拉 salad

辣椒 hot(red)pepper

胡椒 (black)pepper

花椒wild pepper Chinese prickly ash powder

色拉油salad oil

调料 fixing sauce seasoning

砂糖 granulated sugar

红糖 brown sugar

冰糖 Rock Sugar

芝麻 Sesame

芝麻酱 Sesame paste

芝麻油 Sesame oil

咖喱粉curry

番茄酱(汁) ketchup redeye

辣根horseradish

葱 shallot (Spring onions)

姜 ginger

蒜 garlic

料酒 cooking wine

蚝油oyster sauce

枸杞(枇杷,欧查果 ) medlar

八角aniseed

酵母粉yeast barm

黄椒 Yellow pepper

肉桂 cinnamon (在美国十分受欢迎,很多事物都有肉桂料)

黄油 butter

香草精 vanilla extract

(甜点必备) 面粉

flour 洋葱 onion



主食类(staple food)


三文治 sandwich

米饭rice

粥 congee (rice soup)

汤 soup

饺子dumpling

面条 noodle

比萨饼 pizza

方便面 instant noodle

香肠 sausage

面包 bread

黄油 (白塔油)butter

茶叶蛋 Tea eggs

油菜 rape

饼干 cookies

咸菜(泡菜)pickle

馒头 steamed bread

饼(蛋糕)cake

汉堡 hamburger

火腿ham

奶酪 cheese

馄饨皮 wonton skin

高筋面粉 Strong flour

小麦wheat

大麦barley

青稞highland barley

高粱broomcorn (kaoliang )

春卷Spring rolls

芋头 Taro

山药yam

鱼翅 shark fin

黄花 daylily

松花蛋 皮蛋preserved eggs

春卷 spring roll

肉馅饼minced pie

糙米 Brown rice

玉米 corn

馅儿 stuffing

开胃菜 appetizer

面粉 flour

燕麦 oat

白薯 甘薯 sweet potato

牛排 steak

里脊肉 fillet

凉粉 bean jelly

糯米 江米 sticky rice

燕窝 bird"s nest

粟 Chinese corn

肉丸子 meat balls

枳橙citrange 点心(中式)dim sum

淀粉starch

蛋挞 egg tart



(dry fruits)干果类 



腰果 Cashew nuts

花生 peanut

无花果fig

榛子filbert hazel

栗子chestnut

核桃 walnut

杏仁almond

果脯 preserved fruit

芋头taro

葡萄干raisin cordial

开心果 pistachion

巴西果 brazil nut

菱角,荸荠 water chestnut (和国内食用法不同,做坚果食用)



酒水类(beverage)


红酒 red wine

白酒 white wine

白兰地 brandy

葡萄酒 sherry

汽水(软饮料) soda

(盐)汽水sparkling water

果汁juice

冰棒 Ice-lolly

啤酒beer

酸奶 yoghurt

伏特加酒vodka

鸡尾酒cocktail

豆奶 soy milk

豆浆soybean milk

七喜 7 UP 麒麟(日本啤酒kirin)

凉开水 cold boiled water

汉斯啤酒 Hans beer

浓缩果汁 concentrated juice

冰镇啤酒 iced(chilled ) beer

札幌(日本啤酒)Sapporo

爱尔啤酒(美国)ale

A级牛奶 grand A milk

班图酒bantu beer

半干雪利 dry sark

参水牛奶 blue milk

日本粗茶 bancha

生啤酒 draft beer

白啤酒 white beer

大麦酒barley-bree

咖啡伴侣coffee mate



零食类(snack)


mint 薄荷糖

cracker饼干, biscuit

饼干, 棒棒糖bonbon

茶tea (沏茶 make the tea)

话梅prune candied plum

锅巴 rice crust 瓜子 melon seed

冰棒(冰果) ice(frozen) sucker

冰淇凌ice cream

防腐剂preservative

圣代冰淇淋 sundae

巧克力豆 marble chocolate barley

布丁pudding



与食品有关的词语(some words about food)


炸 fired

炝 quick boiled

烩 braise (烩牛舌 braised ox tongue)

烤 roast

饱嗝 burp

饱了 饱的 full stuffed

解渴quench thirst (形容食物变坏spoil spoilage) preservative

防腐剂 expiration date

产品有效期 (形容酒品好: a good strong brew 绝味酿 )


中式西式食物


中式早點:

烧饼 Clay oven rolls

油条 Fried bread stick

韭菜盒 Fried leek dumplings

水饺Boiled dumplings

蒸饺 Steamed dumplings

馒头 Steamed buns

割包 Steamed sandwich

饭团 Rice and vegetable roll

蛋饼 Egg cakes

皮蛋 100-year egg

咸鸭蛋 Salted duck egg

豆浆 Soybean milk


饭 类:

稀饭  Rice porridge

白饭 Plain white rice

油饭 Glutinous oil rice

糯米饭 Glutinous rice

卤肉饭 Braised pork rice

蛋炒饭 Fried rice with egg

地瓜粥 Sweet potato congee


面 类:

馄饨面 Wonton & noodles

刀削面 Sliced noodles

麻辣面Spicy hot noodles

麻酱面Sesame paste noodles

鴨肉面 Duck with noodles

鱔魚面 Eel noodles

乌龙面 Seafood noodles

榨菜肉丝面 Pork , pickled mustard green noodles

牡蛎细面 Oyster thin noodles

板条 Flat noodles

米粉 Rice noodles

炒米粉 Fried rice noodles

冬粉Green bean noodle


汤 类:

鱼丸汤 Fish ball soup

貢丸汤 Meat ball soup

蛋花汤 Egg & vegetable soup

蛤蜊汤 Clams soup

牡蛎汤 Oyster soup

紫菜汤 Seaweed soup

酸辣汤 Sweet & sour soup

馄饨汤 Wonton soup

猪肠汤 Pork intestine soup

肉羹汤 Pork thick soup

鱿鱼汤 Squid soup

花枝羹 Squid thick soup


中餐:

bear‘s paw 熊掌

* of deer 鹿脯

beche-de-mer; sea cucumber 海参

sea sturgeon 海鳝

salted jelly fish 海蜇皮

kelp,seaweed 海带

abalone鲍鱼

shark fin鱼翅

scallops干贝

lobster龙虾

bird"s nest 燕窝

roast suckling pig 考乳猪

pig"s knuckle 猪脚 boiled salted duck 盐水鸭 preserved meat

腊肉 barbecued pork

叉烧 sausage

香肠 fried pork flakes

肉松 BAR-B-Q

烤肉 meat diet

荤菜 vegetables

素菜 meat broth

肉羹 local dish

地方菜广东菜 Cantonese cuisine

客饭 set meal

咖喱饭 curry rice

fried rice 炒饭

plain rice 白饭

crispy rice 锅巴

gruel, soft rice , porridge 粥

noodles with gravy 打卤面

plain noodle 阳春面

casserole 砂锅

chafing dish,fire pot火锅

meat bun肉包子

shao-mai烧麦

preserved bean curd 腐乳

bean curd豆腐

fermented blank bean 豆豉

pickled cucumbers 酱瓜

preserved egg 皮蛋

salted duck egg 咸鸭蛋

dried turnip 萝卜干


西餐与日本料理


menu 菜单

French cuisine法国菜

today"s special 今日特餐

chef"s special 主厨特餐

buffet 自助餐

fast food 快餐

specialty 招牌菜

continental cuisine 欧式西餐

aperitif 饭前酒

dim sum 点心

French fires炸薯条

baked potato烘马铃薯

mashed potatoes马铃薯泥

omelette 简蛋卷

pudding 布丁

pastries 甜点

pickled vegetables 泡菜

kimchi 韩国泡菜

crab meat 蟹肉

prawn 明虾

conch 海螺

escargots 田螺

braised beef 炖牛肉

bacon 熏肉

poached egg 荷包蛋

sunny side up 煎一面荷包蛋

over 煎两面荷包蛋

fried egg 煎蛋

over easy 煎半熟蛋

over hard 煎全熟蛋

scramble eggs 炒蛋

boiled egg 煮蛋

stone fire pot 石头火锅

sashi 日本竹筷

sake 日本米酒

miso shiru 味噌汤

roast meat 铁板烤肉

sashimi 生鱼片

butter 奶油



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